|Asotin County Sheriff's Office||Asotin||Washington 99402|
|Nez Perce County Sheriff's Office||Lewiston||Idaho 83501||20 miles|
|Garfield County Sheriff's Office||Pomeroy||Washington 99347||27 miles|
|Columbia County Sheriff's Office||Dayton||Washington 99328||37 miles|
|Lewis County Sheriff's Office||Nezperce||Idaho 83543||47 miles|
|Whitman County Sheriff's Office||Colfax||Washington 99111||49 miles|
|Clearwater County Sheriff's Office||Orofino||Idaho 83544||51 miles|
|Walla Walla County Sheriff||Walla Walla||Washington 99362||54 miles|
|Idaho County Sheriff's Office||Grangeville||Idaho 83530||56 miles|
|Union County Sheriff's Office||La Grande||Oregon 97850||73 miles|
|Benewah County Sheriff's Office||St. Maries||Idaho 83861||84 miles|
|Umatilla County Sheriff's Office||Pendleton||Oregon 97801||85 miles|
|Adams County Sheriff's Office||Ritzville||Washington 99169||85 miles|
|Franklin County Sheriff's Office||Pasco||Washington 99301||89 miles|
|Benton County Sheriff's Office||Kennewick||Washington 99336||95 miles|
|Baker County Jail||Baker||Oregon 97814||101 miles|
|Spokane County Sheriff's Office||Spokane||Washington 99260||103 miles|
|Adams County Sheriff's Office||Council||Idaho 83612||107 miles|
|Kootenai County Sheriff's Office||Coeur d'Alene||Idaho 83815||108 miles|
|Shoshone County Sheriff's Office||Wallace||Idaho 83873||108 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.