|Benton County Sheriff's Office||Vinton||Iowa 52349|
|Iowa County Sheriff's Office||Marengo||Iowa 52301||20 miles|
|Linn County Sheriff's Office||Cedar Rapids||Iowa 52404||21 miles|
|Buchanan County Sheriff's Office||Independence||Iowa 50644||27 miles|
|Tama County Sheriff's Office||Toledo||Iowa 52342||28 miles|
|Black Hawk County Sheriff's Office||Waterloo||Iowa 50703||31 miles|
|Jones County Sheriff's Office||Anamosa||Iowa 52205||39 miles|
|Johnson County Sheriff's Office||Iowa||Iowa 52240||40 miles|
|Delaware County Sheriff's Office||Manchester||Iowa 52057||41 miles|
|Grundy County Sheriff's Office||Grundy Center||Iowa 50638||41 miles|
|Poweshiek County Sheriff's Office||Montezuma||Iowa 50171||43 miles|
|Bremer County Sheriff's Office||Waverly||Iowa 50677||49 miles|
|Marshall County Sheriff's Office||Melbourne||Iowa 50162||52 miles|
|Keokuk County Sheriff's Office||Sigourney||Iowa 52591||53 miles|
|Cedar County Sheriff's Office||Tipton||Iowa 52772||53 miles|
|Jasper County Sheriff's Office||Newton||Iowa 50208||56 miles|
|Hardin County Sheriff's Office||Eldora||Iowa 50627||56 miles|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Washington||Iowa 52353||57 miles|
|Butler County Sheriff's Office||Allison||Iowa 50602||59 miles|
|Fayette County Sheriff's Office||West Union||Iowa 52175||60 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.