|Bibb County Sheriff's Office||Centreville||Alabama 35042|
|Perry County Sheriff's Office||Marion||Alabama 36756||29 miles|
|Tuscaloosa County Sheriff's Office||Tuscaloosa||Alabama 35401||29 miles|
|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Columbiana||Alabama 35051||31 miles|
|Chilton County Sheriff's Office||Clanton||Alabama 35045||32 miles|
|Hale County Sheriff's Office||Greensboro||Alabama 36744||35 miles|
|Jefferson - Birmingham Division Sheriff's Office||Birmingham||Alabama 35203||40 miles|
|Dallas County Sheriff's Office||Selma||Alabama 36701||43 miles|
|Greene County Sheriff's Office||Eutaw||Alabama 35462||46 miles|
|Autauga County Sheriff's Office||Prattville||Alabama 36067||54 miles|
|Coosa County Sheriff's Office||Rockford||Alabama 35136||54 miles|
|Walker County Sheriff's Office||Jasper||Alabama 35501||57 miles|
|Pickens County Sheriff's Office||Carrollton||Alabama 35447||59 miles|
|Fayette County Sheriff's Office||Fayette||Alabama 35555||62 miles|
|Marengo County Sheriff||Linden||Alabama 36748||63 miles|
|Elmore County Sheriff's Office||Wetumpka||Alabama 36092||63 miles|
|Conecuh County Sheriff's Office||Carbon Hill||Alabama 35549||65 miles|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Montgomery||Alabama 36104||65 miles|
|Talladega County Sheriff's Office||Talladega||Alabama 35160||66 miles|
|Lowndes County Jail||Hayneville||Alabama 36040||68 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.