|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Columbiana||Alabama 35051||10 miles|
|Jefferson - Birmingham Division Sheriff's Office||Birmingham||Alabama 35203||17 miles|
|Talladega County Sheriff's Office||Talladega||Alabama 35160||31 miles|
|Chilton County Sheriff's Office||Clanton||Alabama 35045||33 miles|
|Coosa County Sheriff's Office||Rockford||Alabama 35136||38 miles|
|Bibb County Sheriff's Office||Centreville||Alabama 35042||39 miles|
|St Clair County Sheriff's Office||Ashville||Alabama 35953||41 miles|
|Blount County Sheriff's Office||Oneonta||Alabama 35121||42 miles|
|Clay County Sheriff's Office||Ashland||Alabama 36251||44 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.