|Bond County Circuit Clerk||Greenville||Illinois 62246||5 miles|
|Fayette County Recorder||Vandalia||Illinois 62471||13 miles|
|Clinton County Circuit Court||Carlyle||Illinois 62231||19 miles|
|Montgomery County Court||Hillsboro||Illinois 62049||22 miles|
|Marion County Court||Salem||Illinois 62881||26 miles|
|Madison County Court||Edwardsville||Illinois 62025||35 miles|
|Washington County Court||Nashville||Illinois 62263||37 miles|
|Macoupin County Court||Carlinville||Illinois 62626||41 miles|
|Clay County Circuit Court||Louisville||Illinois 62858||44 miles|
|St Clair County Circuit Court||Belleville||Illinois 62220||44 miles|
|Effingham County Probation||Effingham||Illinois 62401||45 miles|
|Jefferson County Court||Mount Vernon||Illinois 62864||45 miles|
|Shelby County Court||Shelbyville||Illinois 62565||46 miles|
|Christian County Circuit Court||Taylorville||Illinois 62568||46 miles|
Courts are government institutions that administer justice in criminal and civil matters. They're mediated by one or more judges, magistrates or justices who have been appointed or elected.
Courts rely on an adversarial system of justice, which is intended to resolve disputes with fair and impartial outcomes. Their primary purpose is to decide questions of law and determine facts. Attorneys for each side present arguments and introduce evidence to support their arguments.
In some court cases, the final judgment is handed down by a jury of citizens chosen through a selection process. In other cases, a judge makes the final ruling. Cases may be heard in criminal court, civil court, or appellate court.