|Sangamon County Circuit Court||Springfield||Illinois 62701||8 miles|
|Menard County Court||Petersburg||Illinois 62675||16 miles|
|Logan County Court||Lincoln||Illinois 62656||20 miles|
|Christian County Circuit Court||Taylorville||Illinois 62568||29 miles|
|Cass County Court||Virginia||Illinois 62691||33 miles|
|Macon County Court||Decatur||Illinois 62523||34 miles|
|Morgan County Court||Jacksonville||Illinois 62650||36 miles|
|Mason County Court||Havana||Illinois 62644||37 miles|
|De Witt County Court||Clinton||Illinois 61727||37 miles|
|Fulton County Court||Lewistown||Illinois 61542||45 miles|
|Pekin District Court||Pekin||Illinois 61554||46 miles|
|Tazewell County Court||Pekin||Illinois 61554||46 miles|
|Macoupin County Court||Carlinville||Illinois 62626||46 miles|
Courts are government institutions that administer justice in criminal and civil matters. They're mediated by one or more judges, magistrates or justices who have been appointed or elected.
Courts rely on an adversarial system of justice, which is intended to resolve disputes with fair and impartial outcomes. Their primary purpose is to decide questions of law and determine facts. Attorneys for each side present arguments and introduce evidence to support their arguments.
In some court cases, the final judgment is handed down by a jury of citizens chosen through a selection process. In other cases, a judge makes the final ruling. Cases may be heard in criminal court, civil court, or appellate court.