|Sangamon County Circuit Court||Springfield||Illinois 62701||5 miles|
|Christian County Circuit Court||Taylorville||Illinois 62568||21 miles|
|Menard County Court||Petersburg||Illinois 62675||23 miles|
|Logan County Court||Lincoln||Illinois 62656||29 miles|
|Macon County Court||Decatur||Illinois 62523||34 miles|
|Morgan County Court||Jacksonville||Illinois 62650||35 miles|
|Cass County Court||Virginia||Illinois 62691||36 miles|
|Macoupin County Court||Carlinville||Illinois 62626||36 miles|
|Montgomery County Court||Hillsboro||Illinois 62049||41 miles|
|De Witt County Court||Clinton||Illinois 61727||43 miles|
|Mason County Court||Havana||Illinois 62644||46 miles|
Courts are government institutions that administer justice in criminal and civil matters. They're mediated by one or more judges, magistrates or justices who have been appointed or elected.
Courts rely on an adversarial system of justice, which is intended to resolve disputes with fair and impartial outcomes. Their primary purpose is to decide questions of law and determine facts. Attorneys for each side present arguments and introduce evidence to support their arguments.
In some court cases, the final judgment is handed down by a jury of citizens chosen through a selection process. In other cases, a judge makes the final ruling. Cases may be heard in criminal court, civil court, or appellate court.