|Jefferson County District Court||Birmingham||Alabama 35203||0 miles|
|Homewood Municipal Court||Homewood||Alabama 35209||3 miles|
|Mountain Brook Municipal Court||Mountain Brook||Alabama 35213||4 miles|
|Tarrant Municipal Court||Birmingham||Alabama 35217||5 miles|
|Vestavia Hills Municipal Court||Vestavia Hills||Alabama 35216||5 miles|
|Fairfield Municipal Court||Fairfield||Alabama 35064||6 miles|
|Fultondale Municipal Court||Fultondale||Alabama 35068||6 miles|
|Irondale Municipal Court||Irondale||Alabama 35210||6 miles|
|Midfield Municipal Court||Midfield||Alabama 35228||8 miles|
|Gardendale Municipal Court||Gardendale||Alabama 35071||9 miles|
|Lipscomb Municipal Court||Bessemer||Alabama 35020||9 miles|
|Pleasant Grove Municipal Court||Pleasant Grove||Alabama 35127||9 miles|
Courts are government institutions that administer justice in criminal and civil matters. They're mediated by one or more judges, magistrates or justices who have been appointed or elected.
Courts rely on an adversarial system of justice, which is intended to resolve disputes with fair and impartial outcomes. Their primary purpose is to decide questions of law and determine facts. Attorneys for each side present arguments and introduce evidence to support their arguments.
In some court cases, the final judgment is handed down by a jury of citizens chosen through a selection process. In other cases, a judge makes the final ruling. Cases may be heard in criminal court, civil court, or appellate court.