|Oldham County Sheriff's Office||La Grange||Kentucky 40031||13 miles|
|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Shelbyville||Kentucky 40065||13 miles|
|Spencer County Sheriff's Office||Taylorsville||Kentucky 40071||15 miles|
|Clark County Sheriff||Jeffersonville||Indiana 47130||16 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Louisville||Kentucky 40202||17 miles|
|Floyd County Sheriff's Office||New Albany||Indiana 47150||20 miles|
|Henry County Sheriff's Office||New Castle||Kentucky 40050||21 miles|
|Bullitt County Sheriff||Shepherdsville||Kentucky 40165||22 miles|
|Trimble County Sheriff's Office||Bedford||Kentucky 40006||26 miles|
|Nelson County Sheriff's Office||Bardstown||Kentucky 40004||30 miles|
|Franklin County Sheriff Office||Frankfort||Kentucky 40601||32 miles|
|Anderson County Sheriff's Office||Lawrenceburg||Kentucky 40342||33 miles|
|Carroll County Sheriff's Office||Carrollton||Kentucky 41008||34 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Madison||Indiana 47250||35 miles|
|Scott County Sheriff's Office||Scottsburg||Indiana 47170||35 miles|
|Harrison County Sheriff's Office||Corydon||Indiana 47112||37 miles|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Springfield||Kentucky 40069||39 miles|
|Owen County Sheriff's Office||Owenton||Kentucky 40359||39 miles|
|Meade County Sheriff's Office||Brandenburg||Kentucky 40108||40 miles|
|Switzerland County Sheriff's Office||Vevay||Indiana 47043||41 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.