|Macon County Sheriff's Office||Macon||Missouri 63552||18 miles|
|Adair County Sheriff's Office||Kirksville||Missouri 63501||22 miles|
|Linn County Sheriff's Office||Linneus||Missouri 64653||24 miles|
|Sullivan County Sheriff's Office||Milan||Missouri 63556||29 miles|
|Chariton County Sheriff's Office||Keytesville||Missouri 65261||34 miles|
|Randolph County Sheriff's Office||Huntsville||Missouri 65259||34 miles|
|Knox County Sheriff's Office||Edina||Missouri 63537||37 miles|
|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Shelbyville||Missouri 63469||38 miles|
|Putnam County Sheriff's Office||Unionville||Missouri 63565||43 miles|
|Livingston County Sheriff's Office||Chillicothe||Missouri 64601||44 miles|
|Schuyler County Sheriff's Office||Lancaster||Missouri 63548||45 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.