|Fairfax County Sheriff's Office||Fairfax||Virginia 22030||2 miles|
|Falls Church County Sheriff's Office||Falls Church||Virginia 22046||6 miles|
|Arlington County Sheriff's Office||Arlington||Virginia 22201||11 miles|
|Alexandria County Sheriff's Office||Alexandria||Virginia 22314||11 miles|
|Manassas County Sheriff's Office||Manassas||Virginia 20110||12 miles|
|Manassas Park County Sheriff's Office||Manassas||Virginia 20110||12 miles|
|Prince William County Sheriff's Office||Manassas||Virginia 20110||12 miles|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Rockville||Maryland 20850||19 miles|
|Loudoun County Sheriff's Office||Leesburg||Virginia 20175||24 miles|
|Charles County Sheriff's Office||La Plata||Maryland 20646||26 miles|
|Prince Georges County Sheriff's Office||Upper Marlboro||Maryland 20772||29 miles|
|Stafford County Sheriff's Office||Stafford||Virginia 22554||29 miles|
|Fauquier County Sheriff's Office||Warrenton||Virginia 20186||29 miles|
|King George County Sheriff's Office||King George||Virginia 22485||38 miles|
|Fredericksburg County Sheriff's Office||Fredericksburg||Virginia 22401||38 miles|
|Howard County Sheriff's Office||Ellicott City||Maryland 21043||40 miles|
|Frederick County Sheriff's Office||Frederick||Maryland 21701||40 miles|
|Calvert County Sheriff's Office||Prince Frederick||Maryland 20678||42 miles|
|Anne Arundel County Sheriff's Office||Annapolis||Maryland 21401||43 miles|
|Clarke County Sheriff's Office||Berryville||Virginia 22611||44 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.