|Fayette County Sheriff's Office||Vandalia||Illinois 62471|
|Bond County Sheriff's Office||Greenville||Illinois 62246||23 miles|
|Marion County Sheriff's Office||Salem||Illinois 62881||26 miles|
|Effingham County Sheriff||Effingham||Illinois 62401||27 miles|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Hillsboro||Illinois 62049||28 miles|
|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Shelbyville||Illinois 62565||31 miles|
|Clay County Sheriff's Office||Louisville||Illinois 62858||32 miles|
|Clinton County Sheriff's Office||Carlyle||Illinois 62231||33 miles|
|Christian County Sheriff's Office||Taylorville||Illinois 62568||41 miles|
|Cumberland County Sheriff's Office||Toledo||Illinois 62468||46 miles|
|Jasper County Sheriff's Office||Newton||Illinois 62448||46 miles|
|Moultrie County Sheriff's Office||Sullivan||Illinois 61951||47 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Mount Vernon||Illinois 62864||48 miles|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Nashville||Illinois 62263||49 miles|
|Macoupin County Sheriff's Office||Carlinville||Illinois 62626||50 miles|
|Madison County Sheriff's Office||Edwardsville||Illinois 62025||52 miles|
|Richland County Sheriff's Office||Olney||Illinois 62450||54 miles|
|Wayne County Sheriff's Office||Fairfield||Illinois 62837||56 miles|
|Coles County Sheriff's Office||Charleston||Illinois 61920||57 miles|
|Macon County Sheriff's Office||Decatur||Illinois 62523||58 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.