|Lawrence County Sheriff's Office||Bedford||Indiana 47421||12 miles|
|Jackson County Sheriff's Office||Brownstown||Indiana 47220||15 miles|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Salem||Indiana 47167||16 miles|
|Orange County Sheriff's Office||Paoli||Indiana 47454||18 miles|
|Scott County Sheriff's Office||Scottsburg||Indiana 47170||28 miles|
|Martin County Sheriff's Office||Shoals||Indiana 47581||29 miles|
|Brown County Sheriff's Office||Nashville||Indiana 47448||30 miles|
|Crawford County Jail||English||Indiana 47118||30 miles|
|Monroe County Sheriff's Department||Bloomington||Indiana 47404||31 miles|
|Bartholomew County Sheriff's Office||Columbus||Indiana 47201||35 miles|
|Harrison County Sheriff's Office||Corydon||Indiana 47112||39 miles|
|Jennings County Sheriff's Office||North Vernon||Indiana 47265||39 miles|
|Greene County Sheriff's Office||Bloomfield||Indiana 47424||39 miles|
|Floyd County Sheriff's Office||New Albany||Indiana 47150||42 miles|
|Dubois County Jail||Jasper||Indiana 47546||44 miles|
|Owen County Sheriff's Office||Spencer||Indiana 47460||44 miles|
|Clark County Sheriff||Jeffersonville||Indiana 47130||45 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Louisville||Kentucky 40202||46 miles|
|Morgan County Sheriff's Office||Martinsville||Indiana 46151||46 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.