|Frederick County Sheriff's Office||Frederick||Maryland 21701|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Hagerstown||Maryland 21740||23 miles|
|Frederick County Sheriff's Office||Westminster||Maryland 21157||23 miles|
|Adams County Sheriff's Office||Gettysburg||Pennsylvania 17325||26 miles|
|Loudoun County Sheriff's Office||Leesburg||Virginia 20175||27 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff Office||Kearneysville||West Virginia 25430||27 miles|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Rockville||Maryland 20850||30 miles|
|Berkeley County Sheriff's Office||Martinsburg||West Virginia 25401||30 miles|
|Howard County Sheriff's Office||Ellicott City||Maryland 21043||35 miles|
|Franklin County Sheriff's Office||Chambersburg||Pennsylvania 17201||35 miles|
|Clarke County Sheriff's Office||Berryville||Virginia 22611||38 miles|
|Falls Church County Sheriff's Office||Falls Church||Virginia 22046||42 miles|
|Baltimore County Sheriff's Office||Baltimore||Maryland 21204||42 miles|
|Arlington County Sheriff's Office||Arlington||Virginia 22201||43 miles|
|Fairfax County Sheriff's Office||Fairfax||Virginia 22030||44 miles|
|Fulton County Sheriff||McConnellsburg||Pennsylvania 17233||45 miles|
|Frederick County Sheriff's Office||Winchester||Virginia 22601||45 miles|
|Winchester County Sheriff's Office||Winchester||Virginia 22601||45 miles|
|Morgan County Sheriff's Office||Berkeley Springs||West Virginia 25411||46 miles|
|County Sheriff||York||Pennsylvania 17401||49 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.