|Fulton County Sheriff's Office||Johnstown||New York 12095|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Fultonville||New York 12072||12 miles|
|Saratoga County Sheriff's Office||Ballston Spa||New York 12020||29 miles|
|Herkimer County Sheriff's Office||Herkimer||New York 13350||29 miles|
|Schoharie County Sheriff's Office||Schoharie||New York 12157||32 miles|
|Schenectady County Sheriff's Office||Schenectady||New York 12307||32 miles|
|Warren County Sheriff's Office||Lake George||New York 12845||40 miles|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Fort Edward||New York 12828||44 miles|
|Otsego County Sheriff||Cooperstown||New York 13326||44 miles|
|Rensselaer County Sheriff's Office||Troy||New York 12180||46 miles|
|Albany County Sheriff's Office||Albany||New York 12207||47 miles|
|Oneida County Sheriff's Office||Oriskany||New York 13424||48 miles|
|Delaware County Sheriff's Office||Delhi||New York 13753||62 miles|
|Bennington County Sheriff's Office||Woodford||Vermont 05201||64 miles|
|Madison County Sheriff's Office||Wampsville||New York 13163||65 miles|
|Greene County Sheriff's Office||Catskill||New York 12414||68 miles|
|Chenango County Sheriff's Office||Norwich||New York 13815||69 miles|
|Columbia County Sheriff's Office||Hudson||New York 12534||69 miles|
|Lewis County Sheriff Department||Lowville||New York 13367||71 miles|
|Berkshire County Sheriff's Office||Pittsfield||Massachusetts 01201||76 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.