|Chilton County Sheriff's Office||Clanton||Alabama 35045||14 miles|
|Autauga County Sheriff's Office||Prattville||Alabama 36067||15 miles|
|Elmore County Sheriff's Office||Wetumpka||Alabama 36092||19 miles|
|Coosa County Sheriff's Office||Rockford||Alabama 35136||21 miles|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Montgomery||Alabama 36104||23 miles|
|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Columbiana||Alabama 35051||36 miles|
|Dallas County Sheriff's Office||Selma||Alabama 36701||37 miles|
|Lowndes County Jail||Hayneville||Alabama 36040||40 miles|
|Tallapoosa County Sheriff's Office||Dadeville||Alabama 36853||42 miles|
|Bibb County Sheriff's Office||Centreville||Alabama 35042||42 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.