|Wayne County Sheriff's Office||Fairfield||Illinois 62837||11 miles|
|Edwards County Sheriff's Office||Albion||Illinois 62806||13 miles|
|Richland County Sheriff's Office||Olney||Illinois 62450||17 miles|
|Clay County Sheriff's Office||Louisville||Illinois 62858||23 miles|
|Wabash County Sheriff's Office||Mount Carmel||Illinois 62863||27 miles|
|White County Sheriff's Office||Carmi||Illinois 62821||30 miles|
|Lawrence County Sheriff's Office||Lawrenceville||Illinois 62439||33 miles|
|Jasper County Sheriff's Office||Newton||Illinois 62448||33 miles|
|Hamilton County Sheriff's Office||McLeansboro||Illinois 62859||33 miles|
|Gibson County Sheriff's Office||Princeton||Indiana 47670||38 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Mount Vernon||Illinois 62864||39 miles|
|Marion County Sheriff's Office||Salem||Illinois 62881||39 miles|
|Knox County Sheriff's Office||Vincennes||Indiana 47591||40 miles|
|Crawford County Sheriff's Office||Robinson||Illinois 62454||43 miles|
|Posey County Jail||Mount Vernon||Indiana 47620||44 miles|
|Effingham County Sheriff||Effingham||Illinois 62401||45 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.