|Perry County Sheriff's Office||Pinckneyville||Illinois 62274|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Nashville||Illinois 62263||18 miles|
|Jackson County Sheriff's Office||Murphysboro||Illinois 62966||22 miles|
|Franklin County Sheriff's Office||Benton||Illinois 62812||25 miles|
|Randolph County Sheriff's Office||Chester||Illinois 62233||28 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Mount Vernon||Illinois 62864||30 miles|
|Williamson County Sheriff's Office||Marion||Illinois 62959||34 miles|
|Perry County Sheriff's Office||Perryville||Missouri 63775||36 miles|
|Clinton County Sheriff's Office||Carlyle||Illinois 62231||36 miles|
|Ste Genevieve County Sheriff's Office||Ste. Genevieve||Missouri 63670||38 miles|
|Union County Sheriff's Office||Jonesboro||Illinois 62952||44 miles|
|Marion County Sheriff's Office||Salem||Illinois 62881||44 miles|
|St Clair County Sheriff's Office||Belleville||Illinois 62220||45 miles|
|Hamilton County Sheriff's Office||McLeansboro||Illinois 62859||45 miles|
|Monroe County Sheriff's Office||Waterloo||Illinois 62298||46 miles|
|Cape Girardeau County Sheriff's Office||Jackson||Missouri 63755||51 miles|
|Saline County Sheriff's Office||Harrisburg||Illinois 62946||51 miles|
|Johnson County Sheriff's Office||Vienna||Illinois 62995||53 miles|
|Bond County Sheriff's Office||Greenville||Illinois 62246||56 miles|
|Wayne County Sheriff's Office||Fairfield||Illinois 62837||59 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.