|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Washington||Iowa 52353||13 miles|
|Henry County Sheriff's Office||Mount Pleasant||Iowa 52641||20 miles|
|Keokuk County Sheriff's Office||Sigourney||Iowa 52591||22 miles|
|Van Buren County Sheriff's Office||Keosauqua||Iowa 52565||29 miles|
|Wapello County Sheriff's Office||Ottumwa||Iowa 52501||30 miles|
|Louisa County Sheriff's Office||Wapello||Iowa 52653||36 miles|
|Johnson County Sheriff's Office||Iowa||Iowa 52240||39 miles|
|Davis County Sheriff's Department||Bloomfield||Iowa 52537||40 miles|
|Mahaska County Sheriff's Office||Oskaloosa||Iowa 52577||42 miles|
|Lee County Sheriff's Office||Montrose||Iowa 52639||45 miles|
|Poweshiek County Sheriff's Office||Montezuma||Iowa 50171||45 miles|
|Des Moines County Sheriff's Office||Burlington||Iowa 52601||46 miles|
|Muscatine County Sheriff's Office||Muscatine||Iowa 52761||46 miles|
|Iowa County Sheriff's Office||Marengo||Iowa 52301||46 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.