|Sangamon County Sheriff's Office||Springfield||Illinois 62701|
|Menard County Sheriff's Office||Petersburg||Illinois 62675||20 miles|
|Christian County Sheriff's Office||Taylorville||Illinois 62568||24 miles|
|Morgan County Sheriff's Office||Jacksonville||Illinois 62650||30 miles|
|Logan County Sheriff's Office||Lincoln||Illinois 62656||31 miles|
|Cass County Sheriff's Office||Virginia||Illinois 62691||32 miles|
|Macoupin County Sheriff's Office||Carlinville||Illinois 62626||34 miles|
|Macon County Sheriff's Office||Decatur||Illinois 62523||38 miles|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Hillsboro||Illinois 62049||42 miles|
|Mason County Sheriff's Office||Havana||Illinois 62644||43 miles|
|Scott County Sheriff's Office||Winchester||Illinois 62694||43 miles|
|Dewitt County Sheriff's Office||Clinton||Illinois 61727||46 miles|
|Greene County Sheriff's Office||Carrollton||Illinois 62016||51 miles|
|Fulton County Police Department||Lewistown||Illinois 61542||51 miles|
|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Shelbyville||Illinois 62565||52 miles|
|Schuyler County Sheriff's Office||Rushville||Illinois 62681||54 miles|
|Moultrie County Sheriff's Office||Sullivan||Illinois 61951||56 miles|
|Tazewell County Sheriff's Office||Pekin||Illinois 61554||56 miles|
|Jersey County Sheriff Department||Jerseyville||Illinois 62052||57 miles|
|Brown County Sheriff's Office||Mount Sterling||Illinois 62353||61 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.