|Seneca County Sheriff's Office||Romulus||New York 14541|
|Yates County Sheriff's Office||Penn Yan||New York 14527||14 miles|
|Cayuga County Sheriff's Office||Auburn||New York 13021||20 miles|
|Wayne County Sheriff's Office||Lyons||New York 14489||22 miles|
|Ontario County Sheriff's Office||Canandaigua||New York 14424||24 miles|
|Tompkins County Sheriff's Office||Ithaca||New York 14850||27 miles|
|Schuyler County Sheriff's Office||Watkins Glen||New York 14891||28 miles|
|Cortland County Sheriff's Office||Cortland||New York 13045||35 miles|
|Steuben County Sheriff's Office||Bath||New York 14810||38 miles|
|Onondaga County Sheriff's Office||Syracuse||New York 13202||39 miles|
|Monroe County Sheriff's Office||Rochester||New York 14614||47 miles|
|Chemung County Sheriff's Office||Elmira||New York 14901||48 miles|
|Oswego County Sheriff's Office||Oswego||New York 13126||48 miles|
|Monroe County Sheriff's Office||Geneseo||New York 14454||50 miles|
|Tioga County Sheriff's Office||Owego||New York 13827||53 miles|
|Madison County Sheriff's Office||Wampsville||New York 13163||60 miles|
|Broome County Sheriff's Office||Binghamton||New York 13905||65 miles|
|Wyoming County Sheriff's Office||Warsaw||New York 14569||66 miles|
|Chenango County Sheriff's Office||Norwich||New York 13815||68 miles|
|Genesee County Sheriff's Office||Batavia||New York 14020||71 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.