|Floyd County Sheriff's Office||New Albany||Indiana 47150|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Louisville||Kentucky 40202||5 miles|
|Clark County Sheriff||Jeffersonville||Indiana 47130||6 miles|
|Harrison County Sheriff's Office||Corydon||Indiana 47112||17 miles|
|Bullitt County Sheriff||Shepherdsville||Kentucky 40165||22 miles|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Salem||Indiana 47167||25 miles|
|Meade County Sheriff's Office||Brandenburg||Kentucky 40108||26 miles|
|Oldham County Sheriff's Office||La Grange||Kentucky 40031||27 miles|
|Scott County Sheriff's Office||Scottsburg||Indiana 47170||28 miles|
|Spencer County Sheriff's Office||Taylorsville||Kentucky 40071||32 miles|
|Crawford County Jail||English||Indiana 47118||33 miles|
|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Shelbyville||Kentucky 40065||35 miles|
|Trimble County Sheriff's Office||Bedford||Kentucky 40006||36 miles|
|Henry County Sheriff's Office||New Castle||Kentucky 40050||38 miles|
|Orange County Sheriff's Office||Paoli||Indiana 47454||38 miles|
|Nelson County Sheriff's Office||Bardstown||Kentucky 40004||39 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Madison||Indiana 47250||40 miles|
|Hardin County Sheriff Administration||Elizabethtown||Kentucky 42701||41 miles|
|Jackson County Sheriff's Office||Brownstown||Indiana 47220||42 miles|
|Carroll County Sheriff's Office||Carrollton||Kentucky 41008||45 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.