|Hamilton County Sheriff's Office||McLeansboro||Illinois 62859||8 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Mount Vernon||Illinois 62864||18 miles|
|Wayne County Sheriff's Office||Fairfield||Illinois 62837||18 miles|
|Franklin County Sheriff's Office||Benton||Illinois 62812||22 miles|
|White County Sheriff's Office||Carmi||Illinois 62821||25 miles|
|Saline County Sheriff's Office||Harrisburg||Illinois 62946||32 miles|
|Edwards County Sheriff's Office||Albion||Illinois 62806||32 miles|
|Marion County Sheriff's Office||Salem||Illinois 62881||35 miles|
|Williamson County Sheriff's Office||Marion||Illinois 62959||37 miles|
|Gallatin County Sheriff's Office||Shawneetown||Illinois 62984||40 miles|
|Clay County Sheriff's Office||Louisville||Illinois 62858||40 miles|
|Posey County Jail||Mount Vernon||Indiana 47620||42 miles|
|Perry County Sheriff's Office||Pinckneyville||Illinois 62274||43 miles|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Nashville||Illinois 62263||44 miles|
|Richland County Sheriff's Office||Olney||Illinois 62450||46 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.