|Polk County Sheriff's Office||Des Moines||Iowa 50310||19 miles|
|Madison County Sheriff's Office||Winterset||Iowa 50273||23 miles|
|Clarke County Sheriff||Osceola||Iowa 50213||24 miles|
|Marion County Sheriff's Office||Knoxville||Iowa 50138||26 miles|
|Lucas County Sheriff's Office||Chariton||Iowa 50049||27 miles|
|Dallas County Sheriff's Office||Adel||Iowa 50003||29 miles|
|Jasper County Sheriff's Office||Newton||Iowa 50208||37 miles|
|Wayne County Sheriff's Office||Corydon||Iowa 50060||44 miles|
|Decatur County Sheriff||Leon||Iowa 50144||44 miles|
|Story County Sheriff's Office||Nevada||Iowa 50201||45 miles|
|Monroe County Sheriff's Office||Albia||Iowa 52531||46 miles|
|Union County Sheriff's Office||Creston||Iowa 50801||46 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.