|Elmore County Sheriff's Office||Wetumpka||Alabama 36092||16 miles|
|Macon County Sheriff's Office||Tuskegee||Alabama 36083||18 miles|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Montgomery||Alabama 36104||20 miles|
|Bullock County Sheriff Office||Union Springs||Alabama 36089||24 miles|
|Autauga County Sheriff's Office||Prattville||Alabama 36067||29 miles|
|Tallapoosa County Sheriff's Office||Dadeville||Alabama 36853||30 miles|
|Coosa County Sheriff's Office||Rockford||Alabama 35136||36 miles|
|Lee County Sheriff's Office||Opelika||Alabama 36801||36 miles|
|Pike County Sheriff's Office||Troy||Alabama 36081||42 miles|
|Lowndes County Jail||Hayneville||Alabama 36040||45 miles|
|Barbour County Sheriff's Office||Clayton||Alabama 36016||46 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.