|Buchanan County Sheriff's Office||Independence||Iowa 50644||12 miles|
|Fayette County Sheriff's Office||West Union||Iowa 52175||21 miles|
|Delaware County Sheriff's Office||Manchester||Iowa 52057||21 miles|
|Black Hawk County Sheriff's Office||Waterloo||Iowa 50703||28 miles|
|Clayton County Sheriff's Office||St. Olaf||Iowa 52072||28 miles|
|Bremer County Sheriff's Office||Waverly||Iowa 50677||34 miles|
|Benton County Sheriff's Office||Vinton||Iowa 52349||34 miles|
|Chickasaw County Sheriff's Office||New Hampton||Iowa 50659||39 miles|
|Crawford County Sheriff's Office||Prairie du Chien||Wisconsin 53821||44 miles|
|Jones County Sheriff's Office||Anamosa||Iowa 52205||45 miles|
|Winneshiek County Sheriff's Office||Decorah||Iowa 52101||46 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.