|Union County Sheriff's Office||Jonesboro||Illinois 62952|
|Johnson County Sheriff's Office||Vienna||Illinois 62995||20 miles|
|Jackson County Sheriff's Office||Murphysboro||Illinois 62966||20 miles|
|Cape Girardeau County Sheriff's Office||Jackson||Missouri 63755||24 miles|
|Williamson County Sheriff's Office||Marion||Illinois 62959||24 miles|
|Pulaski County Sheriff's Office||Mound||Illinois 62963||28 miles|
|Scott County Sheriff's Office||Benton||Missouri 63736||32 miles|
|Alexander County Sheriff's Office||Cairo||Illinois 62914||33 miles|
|Massac County Sheriff's Office||Metropolis||Illinois 62960||36 miles|
|Ballard County Sheriff's Office||Wickliffe||Kentucky 42087||37 miles|
|Perry County Sheriff's Office||Perryville||Missouri 63775||37 miles|
|Mississippi County Sheriff||Charleston||Missouri 63834||39 miles|
|Franklin County Sheriff's Office||Benton||Illinois 62812||40 miles|
|Bollinger County Sheriff's Office||Marble Hill||Missouri 63764||42 miles|
|Perry County Sheriff's Office||Pinckneyville||Illinois 62274||42 miles|
|Saline County Sheriff's Office||Harrisburg||Illinois 62946||42 miles|
|Pope County Sheriff's Office||Golconda||Illinois 62938||42 miles|
|Randolph County Sheriff's Office||Chester||Illinois 62233||43 miles|
|Carlisle County Sheriff's Office||Bardwell||Kentucky 42023||44 miles|
|Mccracken County Sheriff's Office||Paducah||Kentucky 42003||45 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.