|Clark County Sheriff||Jeffersonville||Indiana 47130||6 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Louisville||Kentucky 40202||8 miles|
|Floyd County Sheriff's Office||New Albany||Indiana 47150||10 miles|
|Oldham County Sheriff's Office||La Grange||Kentucky 40031||16 miles|
|Bullitt County Sheriff||Shepherdsville||Kentucky 40165||24 miles|
|Scott County Sheriff's Office||Scottsburg||Indiana 47170||25 miles|
|Trimble County Sheriff's Office||Bedford||Kentucky 40006||25 miles|
|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Shelbyville||Kentucky 40065||25 miles|
|Henry County Sheriff's Office||New Castle||Kentucky 40050||27 miles|
|Spencer County Sheriff's Office||Taylorsville||Kentucky 40071||27 miles|
|Harrison County Sheriff's Office||Corydon||Indiana 47112||28 miles|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Salem||Indiana 47167||30 miles|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Madison||Indiana 47250||31 miles|
|Carroll County Sheriff's Office||Carrollton||Kentucky 41008||35 miles|
|Meade County Sheriff's Office||Brandenburg||Kentucky 40108||36 miles|
|Nelson County Sheriff's Office||Bardstown||Kentucky 40004||38 miles|
|Jackson County Sheriff's Office||Brownstown||Indiana 47220||42 miles|
|Switzerland County Sheriff's Office||Vevay||Indiana 47043||42 miles|
|Crawford County Jail||English||Indiana 47118||43 miles|
|Franklin County Sheriff Office||Frankfort||Kentucky 40601||44 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.