|Effingham County Probation||Effingham||Illinois 62401|
|Cumberland County Circuit Court||Toledo||Illinois 62468||20 miles|
|Jasper County Court||Newton||Illinois 62448||23 miles|
|Shelby County Court||Shelbyville||Illinois 62565||24 miles|
|Clay County Circuit Court||Louisville||Illinois 62858||24 miles|
|Fayette County Recorder||Vandalia||Illinois 62471||31 miles|
|Coles County Court||Charleston||Illinois 61920||33 miles|
|Moultrie County Court||Sullivan||Illinois 61951||33 miles|
|Richland County Court||Olney||Illinois 62450||37 miles|
|Marion County Court||Salem||Illinois 62881||40 miles|
|Crawford County Clerk||Robinson||Illinois 62454||44 miles|
Courts are government institutions that administer justice in criminal and civil matters. They're mediated by one or more judges, magistrates or justices who have been appointed or elected.
Courts rely on an adversarial system of justice, which is intended to resolve disputes with fair and impartial outcomes. Their primary purpose is to decide questions of law and determine facts. Attorneys for each side present arguments and introduce evidence to support their arguments.
In some court cases, the final judgment is handed down by a jury of citizens chosen through a selection process. In other cases, a judge makes the final ruling. Cases may be heard in criminal court, civil court, or appellate court.