Georgia Courts

See Georgia courts and search records to access free public court records, case searches and lookups, free criminal background checks and reports, arrest, bankruptcy, military, birth, marriage, death and other public vital records. Records can be obtained from criminal, civil, probate, family, traffic, state, federal, appeals, local, municipal, district and common courts.


Courts by County

Appling County Atkinson County Bacon County Baker County Baldwin County Banks County Barrow County Bartow County Ben Hill County Berrien County Bibb County Bleckley County Brantley County Brooks County Bryan County Bulloch County Burke County Butts County Calhoun County Camden County Candler County Carroll County Catoosa County Charlton County Chatham County Chattahoochee County Chattooga County Cherokee County Clarke County Clay County Clayton County Clinch County Cobb County Coffee County Colquitt County Columbia County Cook County Coweta County Crawford County Crisp County Dade County Dawson County DeKalb County Decatur County Dodge County Dooly County Dougherty County Douglas County Early County Echols County Effingham County Elbert County Emanuel County Evans County Fannin County Fayette County Floyd County Forsyth County Franklin County Fulton County Gilmer County Glascock County Glynn County Gordon County Grady County Greene County Gwinnett County Habersham County Hall County Hancock County Haralson County Harris County Hart County Heard County Henry County Houston County Irwin County Jackson County Jasper County Jeff Davis County Jefferson County Jenkins County Johnson County Jones County Lamar County Lanier County Laurens County Lee County Liberty County Lincoln County Long County Lowndes County Lumpkin County Macon County Madison County Marion County McDuffie County McIntosh County Meriwether County Miller County Mitchell County Monroe County Montgomery County Morgan County Murray County Muscogee County Newton County Oconee County Oglethorpe County Paulding County Peach County Pickens County Pierce County Pike County Polk County Pulaski County Putnam County Quitman County Rabun County Randolph County Richmond County Rockdale County Schley County Screven County Seminole County Spalding County Stephens County Stewart County Sumter County Talbot County Taliaferro County Tattnall County Taylor County Telfair County Terrell County Thomas County Tift County Toombs County Towns County Treutlen County Troup County Turner County Twiggs County Union County Upson County Walker County Walton County Ware County Warren County Washington County Wayne County Webster County Wheeler County White County Whitfield County Wilcox County Wilkes County Wilkinson County Worth County

What is a court?

Courts are institutions established by the government to administer justice in civil and criminal cases. Every court is presided over by a judge who is empowered by that jurisdiction to resolve legal disputes.

Depending on the jurisdiction of the case at hand, the dispute may be resolved in either a federal or state court. Both the federal and state court systems have three tiers: District courts, Courts of Appeals and the Supreme Court.

What does a court do?

Courts rely on an adversarial system of justice to ensure both sides have an opportunity to present testimony, evidence, and witnesses to prove their arguments.

In criminal courts, the government is represented by a prosecutor who works to prove a defendant’s guilt. The defendant is represented by his or her attorney, who presents arguments intended to prove the defendant’s innocence or lesser responsibility.

In civil courts, each side is represented by its attorney. Civil courts resolve many different types of disputes, including torts, divorce proceedings, breaches of contract, property claims, and disputes between landlords and tenants. In both criminal court and civil court cases, the judge or jury hears arguments, considers evidence, and makes decisions according to the rules of law in the jurisdiction where the case was heard.

Since the U.S. has a justice system based on English common law, judges must also consider legal precedents set by previous court cases. Courts in Louisiana are an exception as the state uses a legal system based on the Napoleonic Code, which requires judges to make decisions based on literal interpretations of the law.

While judges play a fundamental role in the justice system, they don’t always make the final decision in court cases.

In criminal court cases, a defendant is entitled to have the case decided by a jury of his or her peers. However, the defendant can waive the right to a jury trial in some states and allow the presiding judge to make the final judgment. If the jail records of the defendant show serious convictions, he or she often chooses to plead guilty to avoid a trial.

In the civil court system, some cases may be heard by a jury. However, a judge can render all decisions in many civil cases, including final verdicts.

After the judge issues a verdict, a defendant can appeal that decision to a higher court, with a few exceptions. The defendant can appeal a conviction, but he or she usually can’t appeal if the court records show a voluntary plea bargain, although the resulting sentence can be appealed. If a defendant is acquitted in a criminal case, the verdict can’t be appealed by the state.

If either party is satisfied with the decision of the appellate court, it can make another appeal to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court may choose not to accept the appeal, in which case the decision of the lower court becomes final.

Where can I find courts in my area?

Courts are in every community and jurisdiction. You can easily find a court to hear cases in which you are either a plaintiff or defendant. You can find courts in your areas by using this directory.