Jefferson County Courts

See Jefferson County courts and search records to access free public court records, case searches and lookups, free criminal background checks and reports, arrest, bankruptcy, military, birth, marriage, death and other public vital records. Records can be obtained from criminal, civil, probate, family, traffic, state, federal, appeals, local, municipal, district and common courts.


Court Location Area
Adamsville Alabama 35005
Bessemer Alabama 35020
Bessemer Alabama 35020
Birmingham Alabama 35203
Brighton Alabama 35020
Brookside Alabama 35036
Fairfield Alabama 35064
Fultondale Alabama 35068
Gardendale Alabama 35071
Graysville Alabama 35073
Homewood Alabama 35209
Hueytown Alabama 35023
Irondale Alabama 35210
Birmingham Alabama 35203
Bessemer Alabama 35020
Midfield Alabama 35228
Mountain Brook Alabama 35213
Pleasant Grove Alabama 35127
Birmingham Alabama 35217
Vestavia Hills Alabama 35216

What is a court?

Courts are government institutions that administer justice in criminal and civil matters. They're mediated by one or more judges, magistrates or justices who have been appointed or elected.

Courts rely on an adversarial system of justice, which is intended to resolve disputes with fair and impartial outcomes. Their primary purpose is to decide questions of law and determine facts. Attorneys for each side present arguments and introduce evidence to support their arguments.

In some court cases, the final judgment is handed down by a jury of citizens chosen through a selection process. In other cases, a judge makes the final ruling. Cases may be heard in criminal court, civil court, or appellate court.