|Madison County Sheriff's Office||Wampsville||New York 13163|
|Oneida County Sheriff's Office||Oriskany||New York 13424||22 miles|
|Onondaga County Sheriff's Office||Syracuse||New York 13202||26 miles|
|Chenango County Sheriff's Office||Norwich||New York 13815||27 miles|
|Cortland County Sheriff's Office||Cortland||New York 13045||34 miles|
|Herkimer County Sheriff's Office||Herkimer||New York 13350||35 miles|
|Otsego County Sheriff||Cooperstown||New York 13326||43 miles|
|Cayuga County Sheriff's Office||Auburn||New York 13021||45 miles|
|Tompkins County Sheriff's Office||Ithaca||New York 14850||50 miles|
|Oswego County Sheriff's Office||Oswego||New York 13126||55 miles|
|Broome County Sheriff's Office||Binghamton||New York 13905||55 miles|
|Delaware County Sheriff's Office||Delhi||New York 13753||57 miles|
|Seneca County Sheriff's Office||Romulus||New York 14541||60 miles|
|Lewis County Sheriff Department||Lowville||New York 13367||61 miles|
|Tioga County Sheriff's Office||Owego||New York 13827||61 miles|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Fultonville||New York 12072||65 miles|
|Fulton County Sheriff's Office||Johnstown||New York 12095||67 miles|
|Wayne County Sheriff's Office||Lyons||New York 14489||70 miles|
|Schoharie County Sheriff's Office||Schoharie||New York 12157||70 miles|
|Schuyler County Sheriff's Office||Watkins Glen||New York 14891||72 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.