Texas Courts

See Texas courts and search records to access free public court records, case searches and lookups, free criminal background checks and reports, arrest, bankruptcy, military, birth, marriage, death and other public vital records. Records can be obtained from criminal, civil, probate, family, traffic, state, federal, appeals, local, municipal, district and common courts.


Courts by County

Anderson County Andrews County Angelina County Aransas County Archer County Armstrong County Atascosa County Austin County Bailey County Bandera County Bastrop County Baylor County Bee County Bell County Bexar County Blanco County Borden County Bosque County Bowie County Brazoria County Brazos County Brewster County Briscoe County Brooks County Brown County Burleson County Burnet County Caldwell County Calhoun County Callahan County Cameron County Camp County Carson County Cass County Castro County Chambers County Cherokee County Childress County Clay County Cochran County Coke County Coleman County Collin County Collingsworth County Colorado County Comal County Comanche County Concho County Cooke County Coryell County Cottle County Crane County Crockett County Crosby County Culberson County Dallam County Dallas County Dawson County DeWitt County Deaf Smith County Delta County Denton County Dickens County Dimmit County Donley County Duval County Eastland County Ector County Edwards County El Paso County Ellis County Erath County Falls County Fannin County Fayette County Fisher County Floyd County Foard County Fort Bend County Franklin County Freestone County Frio County Gaines County Galveston County Garza County Gillespie County Glasscock County Goliad County Gonzales County Gray County Grayson County Gregg County Grimes County Guadalupe County Hale County Hall County Hamilton County Hansford County Hardeman County Hardin County Harris County Harrison County Hartley County Haskell County Hays County Hemphill County Henderson County Hidalgo County Hill County Hockley County Hood County Hopkins County Houston County Howard County Hudspeth County Hunt County Hutchinson County Irion County Jack County Jackson County Jasper County Jeff Davis County Jefferson County Jim Hogg County Jim Wells County Johnson County Jones County Karnes County Kaufman County Kendall County Kenedy County Kent County Kerr County Kimble County King County Kinney County Kleberg County Knox County La Salle County Lamar County Lamb County Lampasas County Lavaca County Lee County Leon County Liberty County Limestone County Lipscomb County Live Oak County Llano County Loving County Lubbock County Lynn County Madison County Marion County Martin County Mason County Matagorda County Maverick County McCulloch County McLennan County McMullen County Medina County Menard County Midland County Milam County Mills County Mitchell County Montague County Montgomery County Moore County Morris County Motley County Nacogdoches County Navarro County Newton County Nolan County Nueces County Ochiltree County Oldham County Orange County Palo Pinto County Panola County Parker County Parmer County Pecos County Polk County Potter County Presidio County Rains County Randall County Reagan County Real County Red River County Reeves County Refugio County Roberts County Robertson County Rockwall County Runnels County Rusk County Sabine County San Augustine County San Jacinto County San Patricio County San Saba County Schleicher County Scurry County Shackelford County Shelby County Sherman County Smith County Somervell County Starr County Stephens County Sterling County Stonewall County Sutton County Swisher County Tarrant County Taylor County Terrell County Terry County Throckmorton County Titus County Tom Green County Travis County Trinity County Tyler County Upshur County Upton County Uvalde County Val Verde County Van Zandt County Victoria County Walker County Waller County Ward County Washington County Webb County Wharton County Wheeler County Wichita County Wilbarger County Willacy County Williamson County Wilson County Winkler County Wise County Wood County Yoakum County Young County Zapata County Zavala County

What is a court?

Courts are institutions established by the government to administer justice in civil and criminal cases. Every court is presided over by a judge who is empowered by that jurisdiction to resolve legal disputes.

Depending on the jurisdiction of the case at hand, the dispute may be resolved in either a federal or state court. Both the federal and state court systems have three tiers: District courts, Courts of Appeals and the Supreme Court.

What does a court do?

Courts rely on an adversarial system of justice to ensure both sides have an opportunity to present testimony, evidence, and witnesses to prove their arguments.

In criminal courts, the government is represented by a prosecutor who works to prove a defendant’s guilt. The defendant is represented by his or her attorney, who presents arguments intended to prove the defendant’s innocence or lesser responsibility.

In civil courts, each side is represented by its attorney. Civil courts resolve many different types of disputes, including torts, divorce proceedings, breaches of contract, property claims, and disputes between landlords and tenants. In both criminal court and civil court cases, the judge or jury hears arguments, considers evidence, and makes decisions according to the rules of law in the jurisdiction where the case was heard.

Since the U.S. has a justice system based on English common law, judges must also consider legal precedents set by previous court cases. Courts in Louisiana are an exception as the state uses a legal system based on the Napoleonic Code, which requires judges to make decisions based on literal interpretations of the law.

While judges play a fundamental role in the justice system, they don’t always make the final decision in court cases.

In criminal court cases, a defendant is entitled to have the case decided by a jury of his or her peers. However, the defendant can waive the right to a jury trial in some states and allow the presiding judge to make the final judgment. If the jail records of the defendant show serious convictions, he or she often chooses to plead guilty to avoid a trial.

In the civil court system, some cases may be heard by a jury. However, a judge can render all decisions in many civil cases, including final verdicts.

After the judge issues a verdict, a defendant can appeal that decision to a higher court, with a few exceptions. The defendant can appeal a conviction, but he or she usually can’t appeal if the court records show a voluntary plea bargain, although the resulting sentence can be appealed. If a defendant is acquitted in a criminal case, the verdict can’t be appealed by the state.

If either party is satisfied with the decision of the appellate court, it can make another appeal to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court may choose not to accept the appeal, in which case the decision of the lower court becomes final.

Where can I find courts in my area?

Courts are in every community and jurisdiction. You can easily find a court to hear cases in which you are either a plaintiff or defendant. You can find courts in your areas by using this directory.