|Chilton County Sheriff's Office||Clanton||Alabama 35045|
|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Columbiana||Alabama 35051||23 miles|
|Bibb County Sheriff's Office||Centreville||Alabama 35042||25 miles|
|Coosa County Sheriff's Office||Rockford||Alabama 35136||30 miles|
|Autauga County Sheriff's Office||Prattville||Alabama 36067||31 miles|
|Dallas County Sheriff's Office||Selma||Alabama 36701||35 miles|
|Elmore County Sheriff's Office||Wetumpka||Alabama 36092||37 miles|
|Perry County Sheriff's Office||Marion||Alabama 36756||38 miles|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Montgomery||Alabama 36104||41 miles|
|Jefferson - Birmingham Division Sheriff's Office||Birmingham||Alabama 35203||46 miles|
|Lowndes County Jail||Hayneville||Alabama 36040||51 miles|
|Hale County Sheriff's Office||Greensboro||Alabama 36744||51 miles|
|Talladega County Sheriff's Office||Talladega||Alabama 35160||54 miles|
|Tuscaloosa County Sheriff's Office||Tuscaloosa||Alabama 35401||55 miles|
|Tallapoosa County Sheriff's Office||Dadeville||Alabama 36853||55 miles|
|Clay County Sheriff's Office||Ashland||Alabama 36251||57 miles|
|Wilcox County Sheriff's Office||Camden||Alabama 36726||68 miles|
|Greene County Sheriff's Office||Eutaw||Alabama 35462||68 miles|
|Macon County Sheriff's Office||Tuskegee||Alabama 36083||69 miles|
|Butler County Sheriff's Office||Greenville||Alabama 36037||70 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.