|Marion County Sheriff's Office||Salem||Illinois 62881|
|Jefferson County Sheriff's Office||Mount Vernon||Illinois 62864||23 miles|
|Fayette County Sheriff's Office||Vandalia||Illinois 62471||24 miles|
|Clinton County Sheriff's Office||Carlyle||Illinois 62231||24 miles|
|Clay County Sheriff's Office||Louisville||Illinois 62858||24 miles|
|Bond County Sheriff's Office||Greenville||Illinois 62246||31 miles|
|Washington County Sheriff's Office||Nashville||Illinois 62263||33 miles|
|Wayne County Sheriff's Office||Fairfield||Illinois 62837||36 miles|
|Effingham County Sheriff||Effingham||Illinois 62401||39 miles|
|Hamilton County Sheriff's Office||McLeansboro||Illinois 62859||44 miles|
|Franklin County Sheriff's Office||Benton||Illinois 62812||45 miles|
|Richland County Sheriff's Office||Olney||Illinois 62450||45 miles|
|Perry County Sheriff's Office||Pinckneyville||Illinois 62274||47 miles|
|Montgomery County Sheriff's Office||Hillsboro||Illinois 62049||47 miles|
|Jasper County Sheriff's Office||Newton||Illinois 62448||47 miles|
|Edwards County Sheriff's Office||Albion||Illinois 62806||50 miles|
|Shelby County Sheriff's Office||Shelbyville||Illinois 62565||53 miles|
|White County Sheriff's Office||Carmi||Illinois 62821||56 miles|
|Cumberland County Sheriff's Office||Toledo||Illinois 62468||56 miles|
|Madison County Sheriff's Office||Edwardsville||Illinois 62025||57 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.