|Ontario County Sheriff's Office||Canandaigua||New York 14424|
|Yates County Sheriff's Office||Penn Yan||New York 14527||18 miles|
|Wayne County Sheriff's Office||Lyons||New York 14489||20 miles|
|Monroe County Sheriff's Office||Rochester||New York 14614||26 miles|
|Seneca County Sheriff's Office||Romulus||New York 14541||26 miles|
|Monroe County Sheriff's Office||Geneseo||New York 14454||26 miles|
|Steuben County Sheriff's Office||Bath||New York 14810||35 miles|
|Cayuga County Sheriff's Office||Auburn||New York 13021||39 miles|
|Schuyler County Sheriff's Office||Watkins Glen||New York 14891||40 miles|
|Wyoming County Sheriff's Office||Warsaw||New York 14569||43 miles|
|Genesee County Sheriff's Office||Batavia||New York 14020||47 miles|
|Tompkins County Sheriff's Office||Ithaca||New York 14850||49 miles|
|Orleans County Sheriff's Office||Albion||New York 14411||53 miles|
|Oswego County Sheriff's Office||Oswego||New York 13126||57 miles|
|Allegany County Sheriff's Office||Belmont||New York 14813||58 miles|
|Kings County Sheriff's Office||Belmont||New York 14813||58 miles|
|Chemung County Sheriff's Office||Elmira||New York 14901||59 miles|
|Cortland County Sheriff's Office||Cortland||New York 13045||60 miles|
|Onondaga County Sheriff's Office||Syracuse||New York 13202||60 miles|
|Tioga County Sheriff's Office||Owego||New York 13827||72 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.