|Whitman County Sheriff's Office||Colfax||Washington 99111|
|Garfield County Sheriff's Office||Pomeroy||Washington 99347||30 miles|
|Nez Perce County Sheriff's Office||Lewiston||Idaho 83501||41 miles|
|Adams County Sheriff's Office||Ritzville||Washington 99169||43 miles|
|Asotin County Sheriff's Office||Asotin||Washington 99402||45 miles|
|Columbia County Sheriff's Office||Dayton||Washington 99328||46 miles|
|Spokane County Sheriff's Office||Spokane||Washington 99260||53 miles|
|Benewah County Sheriff's Office||St. Maries||Idaho 83861||54 miles|
|Lincoln County Sheriff's Office||Davenport||Washington 99122||59 miles|
|Kootenai County Sheriff's Office||Coeur d'Alene||Idaho 83815||66 miles|
|Clearwater County Sheriff's Office||Orofino||Idaho 83544||67 miles|
|Walla Walla County Sheriff||Walla Walla||Washington 99362||70 miles|
|Lewis County Sheriff's Office||Nezperce||Idaho 83543||77 miles|
|Shoshone County Sheriff's Office||Wallace||Idaho 83873||85 miles|
|Franklin County Sheriff's Office||Pasco||Washington 99301||87 miles|
|Pend Oreille County Sheriff's Office||Newport||Washington 99156||91 miles|
|Benton County Sheriff's Office||Kennewick||Washington 99336||93 miles|
|Idaho County Sheriff's Office||Grangeville||Idaho 83530||95 miles|
|Grant County Sheriff's Office||Ephrata||Washington 98823||99 miles|
|Umatilla County Sheriff's Office||Pendleton||Oregon 97801||106 miles|
A sheriff is an elected law enforcement official who serves a specific county. Many of the responsibilities of the sheriff overlap with those of local police departments. The biggest difference is that a sheriff has jurisdiction over the entire county, while police departments can only enforce laws within city limits.
While sheriffs share law enforcement duties with city police officers, their degree of responsibility varies by jurisdiction. Municipalities with limited resources often contract law enforcement services to the sheriff, especially for complex crimes where they may not be equipped to conduct a detailed investigation.
Sheriffs tend to be more involved in cases where a suspect operates across city lines. Since they have the authority to investigate crimes and make arrests in any city in their jurisdiction, they often act as a bridge between various municipal law enforcement agencies in that jurisdiction.